Kosovo: Albanian authorities officially declared an epidemic of Tularemia

Posted on February 10, 2015 by

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After getting Kosovo i Metohija, seems that Albanians are unable to deal  not only with unemployment and crime, but with basic hygiene and health issues as well. Thus we got in Kosovo infectious diseases which occur  due to lack of hygiene only. One of them, according to the last Kosovo Institute for Public Health is Tularemia. There’s an outbreak in Kosovo currently.

Kosovo (Albanian) Institute for Public Health has announced an epidemic of tularemia in the province. “The Committee for the Prevention of infectious diseases at the Ministry of Health today declared an epidemic of tularemia in Kosovo. The activated all the teams on the ground in order to prevent new cases of the disease, “said the statement.

Hleb mis

The main causer of Tularemija is lack of hygiene 

Tularemia, or tularaemia; also known as Pahvant Valley plaguerabbit feverdeer fly fever, andOhara’s fever is a serious infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis.

From January 1 to February 10 there were 206 cases of tularemia reported. From 1999. until now, there have been recorded 1,469 cases of tularemia, mostly sporadic, according to the Institute.

Tularemia became an endemic disease in the territory of Kosovo from 1999-2001, when there were reported the first cases of the disease.  – ( After the state of Serbia and Serbs have been driven out. While Serbs and state of Serbia have been in charge of  public health and hygiene , there was no Tuaremia! But after they’ve gone, it becomes endemic!)

The highest percentage of infected   is in central Kosovo, while in other parts of the province smaller number of patients. The disease was registered in 19 (Albanian) municipalities. Mayority of patients are coming from the municipality of Vucitrn, Obilic and Srbica, meanwhile other patients came from Prizren and Suva Reka.

Kosovo klinik

Unable to take care of basic human needs – state of  Kosovo. 

In 19 municipalities there are 88 ‘hot spots’, according to the Institute. “The disease is transmitted through the spring and well water and not properly stored food, as well as by contact with contaminated food,”
Tularemia is primarily disease of wild animals, primarily rodents (rabbits, hares, squirrels, mice, rats). From wildlife, the disease can be transmitted to domestic animals (sheep, cattle, horses, dogs, cats, livestock).  Human can get infected by direct contact with sick animals, as well as indirectly through contaminated food, water, dust and inhalation of transmitted channels.

The incubation period for tularemia is one to 14 days; most human infections become apparent after three to five days.[6] In most susceptible mammals, the clinical signs include fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, signs of sepsis, and possibly death. Nonhuman mammals rarely develop the skin lesions seen in people.Subclinical infections are common, and animals often develop specific antibodies to the organism. Fever is moderate or very high, and tularemia bacilli can be isolated from blood cultures at this stage. The face and eyes redden and become inflamed. Inflammation spreads to the lymph nodes, which enlarge and maysuppurate (mimicking bubonic plague). Lymph node involvement is accompanied by a high fever. Death occurs in less than 1% of cases if therapy is initiated promptly.

The bacteria can penetrate into the body through damaged skin and mucous membranes, or through inhalation. Humans are most often infected by tick bite or through handling an infected animal. Ingesting infected water, soil, or food can also cause infection. Tularemia can also be acquired by inhalation; hunters are at a higher risk for this disease because of the potential of inhaling the bacteria during the skinning process. It has been contracted from inhaling particles from an infected rabbit ground up in a lawnmower (see below). Tularemia is not spread directly from person to person.

Early symptoms usually include: sudden fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, joint pain, dry cough and progressive weakness. Pleurisy can occur as a complication of all types of infection and requires prompt diagnosis and specific treatment to prevent death.

 

 

Source: http://www.kurir.rs/vesti/drustvo/epidemija-tularemije-na-kosovu-nadlezni-strahuju-od-eskalacije-zaraze-clanak-1679607?utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=Marko&utm_source=twitterfeed

http://www.info-ks.net/vijesti/kosovo/51454/tularemija-pogada-kosovo

http://www.blic.rs/Vesti/Drustvo/533801/Na-Kosovu-proglasena-epidemija-tularemije

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Posted in: Albania, Balkan, Europe, Kosovo