(…) It should be emphasized that the Vidovdan commemorations are not celebrations of a Serbian military victory over the Turks, for the Serbs (officially) were not victorious in the Kosovo Battle.
However, it is incorrect, and even malicious, to claim that at Vidovdan commemorations the Serbs “celebrate their defeat in the Kosovo Battle.” Such a statement has no logical or historical support. According to the historical documents, the Turks had not won a victory in the Battle of Kosovo. Neither a military victory nor a military defeat are not and could not have been either the reason or the meaning of Vidovdan commemorations.
On those occasions the Serbs honor and commemorate the heroes of Kosovo who laid down their lives defending their faith, freedom, nation, and country. At the same time, Vidovdan commemorations are the annual reviews of the post-Kosovo Serbian generations. They are evaluated in terms of Vidovdan-Kosovo ethics and on the basis of their reconfirmation of the Pledge of Kosovo. On Vidovdan, June 15, 1389, on the Kosovo Field, the Serbs chose once and for all their religious, cultural, ethical, and national identity. Their choice, in the form of an unwritten pledge, was handed down to all post-Kosovo Serbian generations and, through 600 years, Serbs have lived by that pledge.
Fortunately, Serbian Kosovo ethics remain unchanged and those values will always endure for all future Serbian generations. Those values, briefly defined, are as follows:
-Uncompromising faith in God, without which there is no genuine philanthropy;
-Philanthropy, as a confirmation of the professed faith in God;
-Firm dedication to Christianity as it is confessed by the Orthodox Church;
-Priority of the spiritual over the material;
-Faithfulness to God, nation, and motherland;
-Freedom as a precious value for which everything should be sacrificed, whereas it should not be sacrificed for anything in the world;
-Honesty, righteousness, and love for peace – virtues to be practiced by individuals as a basis for healthy social relationships;
-Placing common interest above personal interests and readiness to sacrifice for those interests;
-Compassion to be extended even to enemies;
-National unity as a condition for national existence.
This testament, this set of ethics of Kosovo, represents the greatest importance of Kosovo and Vidovdan.
Inseparable through six centuries, it is the reason we celebrate Vidovdan today.