August 6th 1945: The first nuclear attack in history occurred when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The American plane ‘Enola Gay’ dropped the bomb called ‘Little Boy’, which killed 66,000 instantly. The effects of the radiation killed thousands more in later years. Three days later, the ‘Fat Man’ bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, which essentially ended the war in the Pacific theatre of World War Two. In both cases, the majority of casualties were civilians. The Japan surrendered to the Allies on 15th August.
Photograph of Sumiteru Taniguchi’s back injuries taken in January 1946 by U.S. Marines photographer Joe O’Donnell while recording war damage in 50 Japanese cities. Currently exhibited at the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum
Hirosima before ….
… and after the attack
The Enola Gay team dropped the “Little Boy” atomic bomb on Hiroshima. In this photograph are five of the aircraft’s ground crew with mission commander Paul Tibbets in the center.
One Hiroshima survivor
Victims. Street scene
Nagasaki was famous in the history of Japanese Christianity, with a significant number of the Orthodox Christians. Not only was it the site of the largest Christian church in the Orient, St. Mary’s Cathedral, but it also had the largest concentration of baptized Christians in all of Japan.
At 11:02 am, Nagasaki Christianity was boiled, evaporated and carbonized in a scorching, radioactive fireball. The persecuted, vibrant, faithful, surviving center of Japanese Christianity had become ground zero.
What the Japanese Imperial government could not do in over 200 years of persecution, American Christians did in 9 seconds. The entire worshipping community of Nagasaki was wiped out.
The Bockscar crew – dropped the Fat Man atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
Letter from Hirosima Victims from Nagasaki, mother and a child.