NATO’s secret army existed on Western European soil until early ’90s and probably still exists today. It was called the “Gladio”, which means “sword” in Latin. One of its emblems is a salamander, which represents that it belongs to the secret services syndicate.
In order to understand what this movement really represented or, possibly, still represents, we consulted a well-known Swiss historian Daniel Ganser, who has published a book about the secret army.
Mr. Ganser, you are a historian, specializing in modern history and international relations since 1945. You lecture at the Basel University and you are the author of numerous works, which caused a sensation all over the world. I would like to speak with you about your most well-known book “The NATO’s Secret Army”.
The NATO’s Secret Army is a poorly studied phenomenon. Even my colleagues used to say to me: «But the NATO has never had any secret army!» The whole world thought that such a thing did not exist. And then, in 1990, the Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti confirmed that all the European NATO countries had secret armies. Their aim was to resist the Soviet invasion. But during the cold war period nothing of the kind happened, as you know. Therefore, people thought that these armies were useless, but it was not so. They were used in order to manipulate the political climate in many European countries – France, Belgium, Switzerland, Sweden, Turkey, Italy, Greece, Austria, Spain, Portugal,and Finland. It was a large-scale phenomenon all right.
Your book “The NATO’s Secret Army” inspired film director Emmanuel Amaro to create an excellent 52-minute documentary. Your book deals with both Russia and Western Europe. Has your book been published in Russian yet?
No, not yet! But in two weeks I am presenting the Russian version of my book in Moscow.
We have received evidence that the secret army had actually existed, at least until the beginning of the ’90s. And yet there is still no reason to believe it was dismissed. Can you add some important details to the abovementioned?
Historians say that in fact this army conducted acts of terror, aimed at changing political course of one or another country, consistently dissociating it from the USSR and Eastern Europe. So, on August 2, 1980, a bomb exploded in the waiting room of the railway station in Bologna, which took the lives of 85 people. 200 people received injuries of varying severity. At first, the Italian police attributed this terrorist act to the Red Brigades, but ultimately the “Gladio” was pronounced guilty. A month and a half later, during Oktoberfest in Munich there was another terrorist act. Colonel Klaus Fishner, a former employee of the counter-intelligence service of Stasi, says: «The task was to create tension in the NATO countries and to suppress any political left-wing deviation.» As we can see, that was the mission, aimed at justifying the existence of the secret army.
German historian Eric Schmidt-Eenboom affirms that in Germany a considerable part of the secret army, about 25%, was recruited from the former members of the SS.
The General public is well-acquainted with the film «The Bourne Identity». But what people do not know, is that the mysterious organization “Dread Stone”, that stood behind anonymous American political killers and was housed in Langley, has a real and sinister prototype: “Gladio”.
source: The Voice of Russia