On the occasion of Croatia’s accession to the EU in 2013 they made the Croatian Euro 1000 copies in the European Central Bank, based in Frankfurt am Main. It is shocking to the back of the coin on one side is an inscription “flora and fauna of Croatia” and on the other side stands a monument of Jasenovac, the largest concentration camp of the Ustasha in WWII !
From August 1941 to April 1945, hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Romas, as well as anti-fascists of many nationalities, were murdered at the death camp known as Jasenovac. Estimates of the total numbers of men, women and children killed there range from 350,000 to 800,000. And yet, despite the scale of the crimes committed there, most of the world has never heard of Jasenovac which was the third concentration camp in the number of victims in all of Europe.
Following the Nazi invasion and dismemberment of Yugoslavia in April 1941, the “Independent State of Croatia” was established as a native Croatian Nazi government. It was dedicated to a clerical-fascist ideology influenced both by Nazism and extreme Roman Catholic fanaticism. The Usasha Nazi movement (also known as Ustaše, Ustashas or Ustashi) was formed in the early 30s by Dr Ante Pavelich as an underground organization with close ties to German Nazis and Italian Fascists. On coming to power, the Ustashe Party dictatorship in Croatia quickly commenced on a systematic policy of racial extermination of all Serbs, Jews and Romas living within its borders. By June 1941, signs on all public establishments read, “NO SERBS, JEWS, GYPSIES AND DOGS ALLOWED.”
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