When you live in a community where there are no adequate educational opportunities or employment opportunities, and when someone from the Middle East or South Asia with a lot of money come into this environment and offer to build a cultural center, or religious school, or pay you to come to the Middle East to study fundamentalist interpretation of religion-that it can have such an effect.
Dr. Sebastian Gorka, an expert on national security, terrorism, and democratization, and an assistant professor at National Defense University in Washington, believes that an incident which occurred last Friday in Sarajevo is not unusual. He said the worrying trend of international export of ideology, which he calls a global jihadizam.
This is just one more proof of what we saw in the last 30 years, and this is a growing trend by certain fundamentalist and extremist groups and individuals, such as the Deobandi concept in Islam, or wahabizam in Saudi Arabia, whose elements are considered to necessary to export abroad violent version of Islam, which I call the global jihadizam. This latest attack is an excellent example. When you live in a community where there are no adequate educational opportunities or employment opportunities, and when someone from the Middle East or South Asia with a lot of money come into this environment and offer to build a cultural center, or religious school, or pay you to come to the Middle East to study fundamentalist interpretation of religion-that it can have such an effect, said Dr. Gorka.
He points out that there is a very disturbing trend in the international export of ideology which he calls a global jihadizam. These extremists, if they need to use violence, they see it in full as part of its mission.
The attacks that we have recently seen on the Balkans are an echo of the September 11, Mumbai, Amman, London, Madrid. These attacks are not random, they are connected, especially on ideological grounds.
However, you can expose the argument that you need not be religious to be violent. You have terrorist groups such as anarchists, who deny that religion, which are very violent. Anarchists were killed 8 Heads of State or the kings and queens for 20 years at the beginning of the 20th century. The question is what these groups are doing and whether they can express commitment to the constitutional order of the country in which they live. Take the example of Major Nidal Hassan, who was a Major in the U.S. Army and the oath of loyalty not only to the United States, but U.S. armed forces and the American president. But when he was ordered to go fight in Iraq, he decided that his religious duties more important than respect for the U.S. Constitution.Therefore, when we talk about wehabijama, the question of whether they respect the local political system and constitutional norms of the country where they are located, whether in the Balkans or anywhere else, or think they have a higher duty. I think we have to very carefully monitor what is it that wehabijske organizations or activists are doing, not just what is it they say, said Dr. Gorka.
He believes that every country, whether it is strong or weak political and legal system, regardless of whether or not newly created, it must clearly define what terrorism is and punish him.
It may sound unbelievable, but there are countries in the world that do not have an adequate definition of terrorism, even 10 years after 11 September, and all other terrorist attacks that took place. You need to set the boundary between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. If you can prove that the individual has exceeded the limit and endanger not only the Constitution but also the lives of people around you, then it should be punished, and if that means jail, should be found behind bars, told VOA terrorism expert, Sebastian Gorka.