From August 1941 to April 1945, hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Romas, as well as anti-fascists of many nationalities, were murdered at the death camp known as Jasenovac. Estimates of the total numbers of men, women and children killed there range from 350,000 to 800,000. And yet, despite the scale of the crimes committed there, most of the world has never heard of Jasenovac which was the third concentration camp in the number of victims in all of Europe.
Following the Nazi invasion and dismemberment of Yugoslavia in April 1941, the “Independent State of Croatia” was established as a native Croatian Nazi government. It was dedicated to a clerical-fascist ideology influenced both by Nazism and extreme Roman Catholic fanaticism. The Usasha Nazi movement (also known as Ustaše, Ustashas or Ustashi) was formed in the early 30s by Dr Ante Pavelich as an underground organization with close ties to German Nazis and Italian Fascists. On coming to power, the Ustashe Party dictatorship in Croatia quickly commenced on a systematic policy of racial extermination of all Serbs, Jews and Romas living within its borders. By June 1941, signs on all public establishments read, “NO SERBS, JEWS, GYPSIES AND DOGS ALLOWED.”
Jasenovac was actually a complex of five major and three smaller “special” camps spread out over 240 square kilometers (150 square miles) in south-central Croatia and in Bosnia. Along with hundreds of thousands of Serbs, some 25,000 Jews and at least 30,000 Romas were murdered in these camps. The names of some 20,000 murdered children of all three nationalities collected thus far by historians provides only a hint of the scale of the crimes committed there against children.
Jasenovac is also known for having been the most barbaric death camp of the Holocaust for the extreme cruelty in which its victims were tortured and murdered. Jasenovac was not the only death camp in fascist occupied Yugoslavia, but it was by far the largest and the one in which a majority of the some one million victims of racial genocide in World War II fascist Croatia were exterminated.
But its significance also lies in the way in which the crimes have been concealed. Historians have called Jasenovac “the dark secret of the Holocaust” and “the suppressed chapter of Holocaust history.” Public recognition of the tragedy that occurred there has been suppressed either partially or completely by governments and institutions for a variety of reasons. Today Jasenovac is located in the newly created state of Croatia, whose government has vandalized the site and refused to acknowledge the horrors that took place there. The failure of some leading Western academic and humanitarian institutions to fully recognize the historic dimensions of Jasenovac is a shameful omission that will tarnish their reputations forever.
But the enormity of the crimes committed at Jasenovac, the fact that the majority of the victims were Serbs who were killed simply for being Serbs, and the fact that the perpetrators included the Roman Catholic Church, have made it an extraordinary and explosive issue that Holocaust deniers and historical revisionists cannot successfully manipulate for long should we focus all of our energies on bringing the truth to light. In doing so, we shall also unravel the whole ball of lies told about the history of Yugoslavia.
Other crimes of Croat Nazis:
The mass murder of the Serbs began already at the end of April, 1941, with the massacres in the villages around Bjelovar, in Banija in May, in Lika in June, in Kordun, and also in Bosnian Krajina and Herzegovina following the formation of local Bosnian Muslim Nazi SS Divisions. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4HHOFqh3OTM It is thought that just in the period from April, 1941, to the middle of August, 1942, over 600,000 Serbs were killed in the most brutal ways imaginable notably by throwing living people in horizontal pits called “jame.” This is how it was done: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHgKlXC9QZ8&feature=channel_page There are hudreds of them and the largest were JADOVNO, GOLUBINKA in Medjugorje, STUPACINOVO in Karlobag, KISTANJE, UGLJENACA, GRACAC, VRANOVINE, SKOCAJE, MACOLINA jama in Gospic, GOLUBNJACA on Plitvicka jezera and so forth. During the entire war over 180,000 Serbs were deported to central Serbia proper. In addition, most of the Jews in Croatia had been brought to Jasenovac before August 1942 at which point they were transported directly to Auschwitz and other camps in Germany.
Crimes against the Serbian Orthodox Church:
The terror of the NDH (the Independent State of Croatia) government was especially aimed at the Serbian Orthodox Church. Three Orthodox bishops and most of the Orthodox priests were murdered by the end of 1941 in the cruelest of manners. During the war, 450 Orthodox churches were completely demolished. One of the worst massacres of Orthodox Christian Serbs was probably the one occurred in a local Church of the small town of Glina, where more than two thousand Serbs were murdered, in a single night. That August night, 1941, most of the victims were butchered with knives – right inside their own, Christian shrine. There was so much blood flowing that it spilled over the church’s threshold out to the street.
The exact number of Serbs forcibly converted to Roman Catholicism has never been established.
Other Concentration Camps in the Independent State of Croatia:
The first camps in the NDH (the Independent State of Croatia) were founded on the island of Pag at the place called SLANO, on Mount Velebit near Gospic at a place called JADOVNO, in Bosnia at KRUSICA near Travnik and in ZENICA. Besides Jasenovac, the larger camps were: DANICAO in Koprivnica, KERESTINAC, LOBOGRAD, RAB, DJAKOVO, STARA GRADISKA, OGULIN, LEPOGLAVA, JASTREBARSKO and SISAK.
Children Concentration Camps:
The following separate concentration camps were formed only for children: JABLANAC, MLAKA, BROCICA, USTICA, GRADISKA, SISAK, JASENOVAC, JASTREBARSKO and the island of PAG. These specialized children camps have been one characteristic of the Croat Nazi regime which was never seen in the history of mankind.
Founding of the Jasenovac Concetration Camp:
The Ustasha camp called Jasenovac was founded according to the model of camps in Nazi Germany, on August 21, 1941. It was the largest place of torture and execution which ever existed in Yugoslavia. With its horrors it was the largest concentration camp, and it was the third in the number of victims in all of occupied Europe, during the war years 1941-1945. With their sadism and pathological crimes, the Ustasha outdid even their Nazi German masters.
Unlike the German camps where industrialized genocide was conducted, in Jasenovac that genocide was done in a way never recorded in the history of the human race. All which was negative, pathological and criminal, which characterized the Ustasha movement as a whole, reached its peak in Jasenovac.
Jasenovac memorial place: